NTUCE has a variety of programs, offering specialized in-depth learning in different fields. Our research roots down and take advantage of the resources Taiwan take proud in while reaching out to the world and collaborating on international-level topics. We also carry out cross-domain projects, integrating intellect and resources from different fields, providing diverse opportunities and ample resources.
Geotechnical Engineering, also known as geotechnics, is the application of scientific methods and theories to investigate the mechanical behavior and characteristics of geomaterials for the solution of engineering problems and the design of engineering works. The research of Geotechnical Engineering covers soil mechanics, rock mechanics, engineering geology, geophysics, hydrogeology, and other related fields.
The Geotechnical Engineering division can be traced back to the early stage of the CE graduate program established in 1960, with some graduate students conducting their researches in soil mechanics and foundation engineering. Since then, the research discipline has broadened to involve rock mechanics and engineering geology. The Geotechnical Engineering division was formally established in 1985.
In addition to the fundamental core researches in soil mechanics, soil dynamics, rock mechanics and engineering geology, the division also focuses on the researches in foundation engineering, retaining wall and slope stability, tunnel, soil improvement, deep excavation, geotechnical earthquake engineering, geo-disaster mitigation and prevention, geo-environment, geotechnical uncertainty and reliability, and internationally prominent research topics.
Considering the fragile geological conditions, frequent typhoons and earthquakes of the natural environment in Taiwan, the fundamental researches in soil mechanics, foundation engineering, soil dynamics, rock mechanics and engineering geology, will be strengthened. In response to the topics with local concerns, researches will be focused on earthquake engineering, slope stability, environmental techniques, foundation engineering, tunnel, and underground spaces development, and GIS applications, and to move further toward internationally concerned topics.
Research topics will be modified according to short-term and long-term needs. The division is dedicated to motivating itself to become the leader in the following research fields:
(1) Foundations and underground spaces engineering
(2) Environmental geotechnology and sustainable development
(3) Integrated research on geotechnical hazards
The division also provides social services actively to important issues such as geotechnical hazards mitigation, early warning, and land use planning. Students of the division are encouraged to explore and pursue issues encountered in practice, which helps to build up condence and to become leaders in the profession.
A. Foundations and underground spaces:
Soft rock behaviors, coupled thermo-hydraulic behaviors of the rock mass, foundation engineering and deep excavations, soil-structure interaction, tunnel engineering, underground lifeline engineering, performance-based design in geotechnical engineering, etc.
B. Environmental geo-technology and sustainable development:
Geo-environmental engineering, geosynthetics, reinforced soil structures, ecological engineering, in-situ testing, etc.
C. Integrated researches on geotechnical hazards:
Landslides, debris flow, earthquake, soil liquefaction, fault movement, dynamic soil properties, seismic ground response, etc.
D. Integrated inter-discipline researches in Civil Engineering:
1. Remote sensing and new technology
2. Engineering monitoring, image analysis, and visualization, GIS applications
3. Disaster reduction technology
4. Environment sustainable development
Research areas of the Structural division can be categorized into the following areas:
(1) Structural theory:
Wave dynamics, vibration, and noise, plastic mechanics, computational mechanics, nonlinear mechanics, structural reliability analysis, structural optimization analysis, etc.
(2) Structure design:
Design codes, durability design and maintenance strategy, performance-based design, life-cycle design, seismic design, flood-resistance design, composite structures, etc.
(3) Earthquake engineering:
Structural dynamics, scattered vibration, system identification, seismic analysis and design, active and passive structure control, seismic evaluation, seismic retrofit, etc.
(4) Experimental techniques:
Large-scale structural testing, shake table testing, hybrid testing, pseudo-dynamic testing, etc.
(5) Engineering material:
Concrete mechanics, deformation of concrete (creep and shrinkage), durability of concrete, innovative cementitious composites for seismic resistance, fracture mechanics of concrete, new RC materials (high-strength concrete and steel reinforcement), new generation high-performance concrete, composite materials for structural applications, fast-access cloud-based database of concrete deformation, etc.
(6) Structure health diagnostics and control:
Smart health monitoring, smart control, nano-material applications, etc.
An important research focus of the Structural division is earthquake engineering due to the fact that Taiwan is a country of high seismicity. In 1978, the Department founded the Center for Earthquake Engineering Research in the College of Engineering of the University. Later, the Center led to the establishment of the National Center for Research on Earthquake Engineering (NCREE), which is now a world well-renowned institution for earthquake engineering research.
Major research facilities include the Structure Laboratory, Material Laboratory, Salt Spray Accelerated Degradation Room, Mechanical Sound Vibration Laboratory, and Freefall Laboratory. In addition, the structural testing laboratory of NCREE is also available. Major testing facilities include earthquake simulators, reaction walls, strong floors, a Multi-Axial Testing System (MATS), a Bi-Axial Testing System (BATS), etc.
A new Civil Engineering Research Building donated by a private company is located next to NCREE on the Xinhai Road and hosts most of the faculty and graduate students of the Structural division. Apart from university funds, the financial funds of the Structural division come from the Ministry of Science and Technology, other government agencies, and industrial partners.
Research is a vital part of the Hydraulic Engineering Division. With 11 full-time faculty members, we conduct modeling, laboratory research, and field studies in four key research areas:
Hydraulic modeling, hydraulic structures, and sediment transport
Rainfall-runoff analysis, hydrological modeling, and stochastic modeling.
Waterway planning, reservoir operation, and water quality modeling.
Fundamental fluid dynamics, wave-driven flows, flow in porous media
We conduct both basic and applied research. Ongoing and past projects are funded and supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology, Water Resources Agency, other government sources, and consulting firms. The following provides a glimpse of the research done by our recent graduates:
- Deep learning techniques for real time water level forecasting during typhoons
- Apply multi-objective genetic algorithm to evaluate urban resilience
- The study of saltwater intrusion of groundwater
- Apply depth estimation of the zoom images on surface velocity calculation
- Turbulent bed-load made transparent: internal flow structure from refractive-index-matched experiments
- Stochastic sediment transport modeling: fluctuation sediment concentrations, non-Fickian diffusivity, settling velocity uncertainty
- Algorithms for hydrologic processes and parameterization studies on slope land groundwater simulation
- The impact of the uncertainty of probabilistic forecast on water resource allocation
We currently operate four research and instructional laboratories to support basic and applied research and teaching activities in hydrology, hydraulics, and fluid mechanics.
I. Hydrology Laboratory
The laboratory is equipped with a wide range of specialized instruments configured for: groundwater flow modeling, surface runoff experiments, water quality testing, channel cross section survey, and river flow measurements.
II. Fluid Mechanics Teaching Laboratory
Equipment is available for the following experiments: hydrostatic force, free and forced vortex, orifice jet flow, venturimeter, hydraulic jump, and weir flow.
III. Fluid Image Laboratory
The laboratory utilizes dyes, tracking agents, 3D imaging, laser display and solid & fluid refractive index technologies to visualize and measure fluid motions and effects. The laboratory has also developed a special imaging analysis algorithm to analyze fluid particle trajectories and quantify fluid surfaces & cross-sections.
IV. Hydraulic Engineering and Hydrology Laboratory
The laboratory conducts various research related to fluid mechanics and geomorphology. The equipment in the laboratory includes 10-m variable-slope flume, variable speed measuring instrument, particle flow channel, debris flow flume and rotating drum, and laser topographic scanning device.
The Hydraulic Engineering Division offers both M.S. and Ph.D. degree programs. We currently have approximately 80 graduate students from across Taiwan and other countries in Asia and Europe. Our coursework is designed to meet the fundamentals and to reflect the emerging technologies in the related fields. With a high faculty-student ratio, we create a conducive and friendly learning environment for our students to deepen professional knowledge, to enhance problem-solving skills, and to build the capability to identify new problems and create new knowledge. Students wishing to make tangible impacts on our water environment are encouraged to apply.
The Division of Transportation Engineering (TE) has been educating professionals and conducting research in transportation since 1970. The education and research of the TE Division have been focused on the planning, design, operation, and management of transportation facilities. The active research areas of the TE Division include:
- Pavement theory and design
- Public transportation planning and operation
- Traffic engineering
- Logistics management
- Transportation planning
- Railway operation and management
- Disaster and emergency transportation planning
- Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS)
- Artificial Intelligence (AI) in transportation
- Image processing and machine vision for traffic flow surveillance
Currently, the TE Division has eight full time faculty members, two adjunct professors, and more than 60 Ph.D. and Master students. The majority of the courses of the TE Division are offered in English. The major career paths of our students include government officials, employees of transportation operators, and professional engineers in local or international consultant companies.
The TE Division faculty members are actively involved in international participation and collaboration. In recent years, we have been involved in many international collaboration projects, including mixed traffic and motorcycle traffic management, green transportation and sustainable development, and the bus rapid transit system, just to name a few.
Additionally, the faculty members of the TE Division have been working closely with the government and industry for the development of transportation systems in Taiwan. Our research outcomes have been adapted in numerous infrastructure developments and transportation policies by the Taiwanese government. Examples include the freeway system planning, public bus operations and management strategies, as well as the construction and operation of the rapid transit system of Taipei city, research plans on the subject of highway capacity, nuclear plant evacuation plan, traffic impact assessment, regulations of heavy vehicles size and weights, highway traffic control, electronic toll highways, smart card ticket systems, high-speed railway traffic analysis and fare rate mechanisms, runway skid resistance measurement specification, city street pavement management system, and many more. Our faculty members have also participated in the decision-making of major transportation development projects in Taiwan.
In addition to the new technologies innovated through research projects, technologies that are introduced from other developed regions, such as Europe and America, are also aimed for “technology localization” to meet our own needs.
In the late 1970s, the first freeway was completed and opened for operation. We initiated the research work in the area of analyzing traffic characteristics, and then move to the ramp metering and intersection signal control, pavement design and management systems, heavy vehicles size and weight regulations, and back-calculation of O-D the flow, etc. In relation to public bus transportation, the research efforts also began in the 1970s on bus route adjustment, bus lanes, bus fares, advanced public bus automatic positioning and dynamic information systems. At the request of railway transportation, we have also finished a study of land usage along the Muzha Line and an evaluation of station traffic impacts, cooperated in a traffic plan for the Xindian and Songshan Lines, as well as in high-speed railway traffic forecasts, fare rate mechanisms and transportation planning outside of stations.
For the last decade, research work has also involved airport runway design, maintenance and management systems, and air traffic safety issues and improvement strategies. Regarding traffic engineering, we have worked together with the Institute of Transportation under the Ministry of Transportation and Communications, to finish the first version of the “Highway Capacity Manual,” and developed an image detection system of traffic volume and characteristics, a remote sensing application system, and a geographic information system.
Recently, our main research focus also include how to apply the available advanced technology to transportation systems and environmentally friendly traffic, as well as sustainable transportation planning.
In addition to the research spaces of professors, Ph.D. and Master students, research associates, and administrative assistants, we have two teaching and research laboratories, namely, Traffic Engineering Laboratory and Pavement Engineering Laboratory, and are involved in four research centers, namely, Rail Technology Research Center, Advanced Public Transportation Research Center, Pavement Smoothness Profiler Certification Center, and the Artificial Intelligence Center, a joint center between the Department of Civil Engineering at NTU and the National Center for Earthquake Engineering Research (NCREE). Besides, computer software, such as that for transportation planning and traffic simulation (VISUM, VISSIM, CUBE, TransCAD, and PARAMICS), RTC railway simulation, Anylogic agent-based modeling simulator, highway design, remote sensing, optimization modeling (AMPL), statistics and econometrics (NLOGIT and Mplus), etc., are also available for the teaching and research purposes.
For the past several years, many pieces of research equipment have been purchased through University funds and research funds. These include vehicles for ITS and traffic engineering experiments, devices for traffic flow measurement, a traffic speed radar, traffic signal controllers, driving simulators, a track system model, portable weigh-in-motion devices, laser inertial profilers, Grip Tester, Dynamic Friction Tester and other types of skid resistance measuring devices, noise detectors, automatic pavement image capture systems, graphics processing units (GPUs), and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).
and Management (CEM)
Construction Engineering and Management (CEM) is one of the newest disciplines in Civil Engineering. Established in 1990, the CEM division aims to bring new knowledge and innovations, and world-class professionals to the construction industry. We focus not only on the new technological challenges of today’s construction projects, but also the unique ability to integrate modern managerial/social sciences with civil engineering. We are committed to preparing our students to become future leaders.
The degree options offered by CEM division include PhD degree, Master’s degree, the Executive Master of Construction Administration (EMCA), and the Joint Master’s degrees with two top Vietnamese universities. We have on average 40 PhD students, 28 Master’s students, 48 EMCA students, and 7 to 10 students in the international Joint Master’s degree.
Faculty and Research Subjects
The CEM Division currently has five full-time faculties and nine adjunct faculties. All our faculties in the CEM division obtain their PhD degrees from world-class research-oriented universities and continue to conduct innovative research and publish in prestigious academic journals. Because of our faculties’ diversified expertise and research experiences, our research covers the main research subjects of CEM. The followings briefly introduce each of our faculty’s research specialties and subjects:
Prof. Sy-Jye Guo:
Construction Law and Contract, Risk and Decision Analysis, Building Planning and Maintenance, School and Hospital Construction.
Prof. Hui-Ping Tserng:
Construction Automation and Robotics, Construction Financial Management, Construction Estimating and Scheduling, Project Performance Evaluation.
Prof. Po-Han Chen:
Intelligent Automated Image Recognition, Artificial Intelligent Applications, Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality Applications, Optimization of Construction Operations.
Prof. S. Ping Ho:
Game Theory Analysis in Engineering and Tendering, Strategic Management and Construction Internationalization, Financial Economics, Block-chain Modeling and Applications.
Prof. Ying-Chieh Chan:
Sustainable Building Design, Building Simulation and Energy Modeling, Building Envelopes and Commercial facades, Indoor Environmental Conditions.
and Management (CEM)
Taiwan has entered the era of research & development (R&D). Advanced R&D requires compatible private and public facilities. The scope of Construction Engineering and Management (CEM) deals with all the issues of the private and public facilities life-cycle from planning, design, procurement, construction, commissioning, transfer, operations, maintenance, to disposal. CEM is an inevitable part of the chain linking to innovative R&D which will have a profound impact on the future of Taiwan.
In order to cope with the challenge, Civil Engineering Graduate School of National Taiwan University (NTU) started to enroll CEM postgraduate students in 1990. In 1998, the Ministry of Education officially approved the NTU Construction Engineering and Management program. In addition, Engineering Master of Business Administration (EMBA) in CEM was offered in 2003 to strengthen collaboration between the construction industry and the academic. In recent years the high-tech industry has played a crucial role in Taiwan’s technology and economy. To sustain Taiwan high-tech industry, NTU CEM program initiated teaching and research on facilities needed for high-tech R&D&Manufacturing in 2006. Up to 2011, there are around 70 Ph.D., 240 MS and 150 EMBA students who either had graduated or are presently studying in NTU CEM program.
Learning and Research Environment
Interdisciplinary approach in construction engineering and management is necessary for the 21st century. It requires talents of all kinds to improve the quality of CEM R&D. The talents include, not limited to, the experts from civil engineering, architecture, construction, mechanical engineering, chemical engineering, electrical engineering, physics, chemistry, biology, material engineering, medicine, law, management, finance, economy, humanity, and arts.
Besides having excellent learning and research facilities, National Taiwan University not only has a high quality of students, faculty, and staff but also has the most faculties and departments in Taiwan. Her CEM curriculum and research subjects are specifically designed based on faculty specialties, student interests, the mandatory requirements from Ministry of Education, NTU existing research facilities, and evaluation on many preeminent CEM programs around the world. Seven out of the thirteen faculty members are full-time and the other six are adjunct faculties from industry.
All the faculty members have domain expertise and they cover a very broad spectrum of research subjects as follows:
- High-Tech Facility Engineering and Management
- Cleanroom and Contamination Control
- Intelligent Color Image Recognition
- Ecology Engineering and Sustainable Engineering
- Green Building and Factory
- Engineering Project Management
- Engineering IT Management and Enterprise Resource Planning
- Public-Private Partnerships and Build-Operate-Transfer: Governance and Policy
- Construction Globalization and Strategy Management
- Real Estate Market and Property Evaluation
- Knowledge Sharing and Incentive System
- Construction Economics
- Construction Laws and Regulations
- BOT Planning Management
- Construction Productivity and Improvement
- Building Planning and Management
- School and Hospital Construction
- Construction Equipment and Mechanical & Electrical Systems
- Construction Life-Span and Cost Analysis
- Engineering Risk Management and Decision Analysis
- Harmony among Civil Engineering, Environment, Ecology and Landscape
The Computer-Aided Engineering (CAE) Group in the Department of Civil Engineering was established to fulfill the increasing demand for technology-driven solutions in modern civil engineering practice. The Group’s educational objective is to cultivate students to possess a multi-disciplinary skill-set that includes both engineering and information technology expertise. The Group’s research efforts aim to deepen and broaden the knowledge in response to the impact in the unprecedented growth of computing power, networks and artificial intelligence. Conducting research at the CAE Group is innovative and filled with joy and excitement. To date, the faculty and students of CAE have conducted in-depth research in two specialized fields: computational engineering and intelligence, and engineering system integration.
Our teaching program strikes a balance in nurturing students’ creativities and innovativeness and fostering the much-needed practical engineering skills. Courses place equal emphasis on theory and practice, resulting in ambitious, responsive engineers well-positioned for Taiwan’s engineering needs in the years approaching.
A. Computational Engineering and Intelligence
Computational engineering and intelligence research develops advanced methodologies and algorithms with high-speed computing power and high-volume data to solve challenging engineering problems. The complexities of dynamics and physics behind these problems are studied through simulation and artificial intelligence. Our current research focuses on multi-scale modeling and data-driven deep learning. Multi-scale modeling aims to link the microscopic fidelity, often the concern of physicists and chemists, with the macroscopic phenomenon, the main concern of engineers. Multi-scale modeling allows engineers to leverage cutting-edge nanotechnology, materials and biotechnology discoveries and adopt them to innovate in engineering practice. Data-driven deep learning aims to apply recent surge of deep learning algorithms and big data to resolve meaningful intelligence for engineering applications. Data-driven deep learning allows engineers to leverage cutting-edge development in artificial intelligence and adopt it to innovate in engineering practice.
B. Engineering System Integration
Engineering system integration research develops cyber-physical integration techniques to address challenging engineering issues in the information age. Various applied engineering systems developed are for improving the quality of products and safety of workers in the construction industry, leading to improved sustainability and end-user service of projects. Research in this area requires integration of advanced information, telecommunication, control, and management technologies to develop innovative systems with practical value. It also requires multi-disciplinary skills such as system analysis, human-machine interface and database design, knowledge management, etc. Our current research focuses on BIM-enabled design and management innovation, AR/VR-assisted engineering application systems, intelligent engineering monitoring & control systems, and construction automation & robotics.
The Group provides the staff and students with an open and interactive environment for research and study. We also value team-work, cross-disciplinary research and development, and utilization of advanced IT and state-of-the-art technologies to solve all kinds of challenging engineering problems. Our department is equipped with a high-speed computing unit, which includes computer clusters, high-end GPUs, database servers, and high-speed Internet connections. Researchers are able to study multi-scale and aritificial intelligence problems and explore the mysteries of various engineering problems by using the high-speed computing unit. The department also founded an engineering visualization laboratory (V-Lab), a robotics laboratory (R-Lab) and a molecule enabling mechanics and physics laboratory (M-Lab). The V-Lab is equipped with advanced graphics workstations, game consoles and multi-touch panels for conducting research in Building Information Modeling (BIM), Virtual/Augmented Reality (VR/AR), game-based simulation and intelligent living spaces. The R-Lab includes a KUKA KR16 arm and two Mobile Robot P3AT and 25 LEGO 9797 educational sets. It supports research in construction automation, intelligent engineering instruments, engineering safety equipment and railway automation. The M-Lab is equipped with cutting edge nanomanipulators and measurement platforms to characterize engineering devices powered by biomolecular interactions at the nanoscale. Two research centers, the BIM center and the AI center are established to foster cross-displinary and cutting-edge research development.
Our research aims at navigating, remote sensing, photogrammetry and satellite monitoring of earth, applying relevant technology to obtain information for space analysis. Recently, because space information technology has become more and more connected to people’s livelihood and national defense, there is an increasing demand worldwide for such professionals in the areas of science, engineering and public services.
Our graduates have mainly contributed in the above fields. And we have opportunities to collaborate with interested and related research partners on both domestic and international levels in developing state-of-the-art surveying and geomatics technology. The versatile but key research themes include Applied Satellite Geodesy, Deformation Analysis, Smart Sensors, Integrated Analysis of Spatial Information,Photogrammetry, AR/VR, Error Theory, Reconstruction of 3D Objects, Spatial Data Acquisition and Analysis,Remote Sensing, Geographic Information System, and Hazard Monitoring and Management.
The instrument room of the group was founded during the Japanese colonial period. Over the decades, the instruments have been continuously improved and replaced. Currently, the major measuring instruments are:
- Multi-brand Automatic levels: (11 sets).
- High accuracy digital level: Topcon DL-101C (1 set)
- Multi-brand Electronic theodolites: (9 sets)
- Total stations: (9 sets)
- Laser theodolite: (1 set)
- Hand-held satellite navigation devices: (3 sets)
- Geo-image processing software: Geomatica, PhotoModeler
- Dual-band GNSS satellite positioning device: (RTK and VRS ready): (1 set)
- GNSS satellite information processing workstation: (1 set)
- Super total station: SmartStation (1 set)
- UAV (6 sets)
The group is currently committed to purchasing more RECTAS digital image processing and satellite positioning software and related hardware equipment. In addition, the group has also established a Spatial Information Laboratory to support research, teaching and studying activities in this area.
Department of Civil Engineering
National Taiwan University
Add.: Room 205, Civil Engineering Department Building
……..No.1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei, 10617 Taiwan